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Economic Base

Source: Census (Origin of Movement Series)

Vermont exports as share of GDP went down in 2015, even as the national share rose and surpassed Vermont’s. The value of the state’s foreign Exports in 2015 were $3.182 billion, down 13% from the year before and continuing a downward trend. VT’s largest trading partner is Canada, representing 44.6% of trade in 2014 which dropped to 36.8% in 2015. A growing share of export trade comes from over 1000 small and medium sized firms.

Source: BEA.

Economic activity from outside the state is directly responsible for over 1/3 of the private sector jobs in Vermont. This “minimum requirements” analysis benchmarks Vermont employment to comparison states, to highlight “basic” economic activity that imports dollars through sales of goods or services. This chart shows the top industries that produce the jobs beyond what we would expect based on other benchmark state economies. The light green bar is total Vermont employment in that category, and the dark green bar is employment above and beyond what we would expect in Vermont.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturing (2004-2011, 2013), Economic Census (2012)

Some recovery occurred post-recession in the value of shipments from the Vermont Manufacturing sector. Over $9 billion in shipments were reported in 2014, but the trend has been downward since 2011 when shipments topped $11 billion. Vermont is 25% below 2004-2007 levels. (All data is in real 2015 dollars)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturing (2004-2011, 2013), Economic Census (2012)

Capital Expenditures by Vermont manufacturers decreased slightly from 2013 to 2014. Investments had dropped during the recession but picked up in 2011, generally trending with shipment value (see previous data tab). All data is in real 2015 dollars.

*Note: There was no data on capital expenditures for 2012, the chart reports the average of 2011 and 2013.